Temporary Measures

2020-2021

Temporary Measures for State Quals 2021

SECTION 4: STATE QUALIFIER TOURNAMENT OPERATION

A. DEBATE

1. State Qualifying competition shall be offered in each of the following events, though these may happen at two separate tournaments: Lincoln Douglas Debate, Policy Debate, Parliamentary Debate, Public Forum.

2.The number of rounds of competition shall be sufficient to obtain the appropriate number of qualifiers in each division.

3.Eligible contestants shall have had at least one varsity win in a CFL competition during the current season. One entry per event from each school may enter without a varsity win in each qualifier. Debaters who were undefeated in a CFL preliminary tournament shall be awarded a wild card. Those debaters given wild-card entries do not count against the school limit. Debate teams shall receive their wild card as a team.

4. Each school may enter up to 5 entries each in LD, PF, Policy, and Parliamentary debate. Entries that have received wildcards will not count toward a school’s entry limit in each event.

5. Rounds 1 and 2 shall be paired randomly. Every wildcard entry shall receive a bye in either Round 1 or Round 2. Debates are paired randomly in the tabulation software, avoiding wild-card entries hitting each other in Rounds 1 and 2.

6. All preliminary rounds shall be judged with panels of two judges.

7. Rounds 3, 4, and 5 shall be power-matched high/low within bracket. Brackets shall be broken for the following reasons as needed: to prevent same-school matchups, to prevent competitors from debating the same opponents twice, and in round 4 to obey side constraints.

8. The elimination round(s) shall be paired in the following way:

a. All entries with a 10-0 ballot count will automatically qualify for CHSSA State.

b. The remaining debaters that meet both of the following requirements are eligible to compete in the elimination rounds:

- Debaters must have a ballot count record of 7-3, 8-2, or 9-1.

- Debaters must be in the top number of entries, where that number is three times the number of remaining entries CFL can send to CHSSA State in that event.

c. Competitors will be ranked according to the following criteria in the following order: 1) total ballots won 2) high/low adjusted speaker points 3) second high/low speaker points, 4) opponent seed.

d. Elimination rounds shall be determined as follows:

i. The number of elimination rounds is to be determined by the number of entries that meet both requirements outlined in 8b.

ii. If the number of eligible entries is more than two times the remaining entries to CHSSA State, there will be two elimination rounds. The first elimination round shall be calculated such that the second elimination round has the same number of debates as the remaining CHSSA State slots. Top entries shall receive byes in the first elimination round as necessary.

iii. If the number of eligible entries is equal to or less than two times the remaining entries to CHSSA State, there will be one elimination round.The elimination round shall have as many debates as is necessary to eliminate enough entries so that the number of remaining entries equals the number of remaining CHSSA State slots. Top entries shall bye to CHSSA State as necessary.

iv. If the number of eligible debaters is less than the number of remaining entries to CHSSA State, the tournament will bye all of those debaters to CHSSA State. The remaining slots will be determined by 1 elimination round pairing debaters with records lower than 7-3 until the total number of competitors is twice the remaining spots to CHSSA State.

v. If the number of eligible entries is exactly equal to the number of remaining slots, there will be no elimination round and those entries shall receive auto-byes to CHSSA State.

e.In the event two debaters or teams from the same school are set to meet in the final round, coaches shall have full discretion in determining the state qualifier.

9. Awards shall be given to all qualifiers and first alternates.

B.SPEECH

1.The State Qualifier shall consist of one tournament consisting of those events currently offered by CHSSA.

2. In accordance with the updated procedures for the State tournament, CFL will not require scripts to be reviewed prior to the State qualifier for the 20-21 competition season. Coaches will be encouraged to double check their student’s scripts and have them ready for review if needed for the State tournament.

3. The number of qualifiers shall be determined by CHSSA.

4. Each school shall have a basic allotment of 22 entries, with no more than 5 in any one event. In addition to the basic allotment, each school may also bring wild-card entries. Wild-card entries are those contestants who have finished in the final round at a regular tournament in the current year. Wild-card entries are guaranteed an entry in the event in which she/he has finaled above the basic allotment of 5 per event limitations.

5. Each event shall consist of three preliminary rounds, followed by a semifinal round. Three judges must be used in each preliminary round. Five judges must be used in each semifinal round.

6. If 14 or fewer entries are entered in a given event, run a fourth preliminary round rather than a semifinal round, and determine qualifiers and alternates based on preliminary seeding (8.a and 8.b).

7. Preliminary Rounds

a. Round One: The first round of each event will be preset using a random draw. Entries are to be changed from one section to another only to minimize entries from the same school in the same section.

b. Round Two: The second round of each event will also be preset using a random draw. Contestants may be changed from one panel to another to avoid paneling together the following in the precedence listed: i. Contestants from the same school. ii. Contestants who have competed against each other in preceding rounds.

c. Only sections of five, six, or seven are permitted. Unless there are fewer than ten entries in the event, under no circumstances should there be more than seven or fewer than five entries in any section. Section sizes of six and seven are ideal.

d. Speaking Order: In preliminary rounds, speaking order should be varied. Each entry should receive a top, middle, and bottom speaker order, not to be repeated in preliminary rounds unless unavoidable. Double Entries: Accommodate double entries by permitting entries to speak early in one event and later in another. Rankings: Each judge will rank entries from one as the best to seven (or six, depending on the panel) as the worst. Whenever a judge has marked an entry lower than fifth, such rank will be changed to fifth before tabulation begins. However, after a sixth or seventh rank has been tabulated as a five and a tie occurs between entries for a rank in the round, the six and seven is used to determine the judges' preference.

e. Round Three is “powered” and is sectioned in a “snaking” pattern. The entries should be seeded by the tiebreaking priorities indicated by 8.a and 8.b. Place entries in sections, by their seeding, in a serpentine or snaking pattern. Begin with the first seed in section one and continue to place seeds in separate sections until placing an entry in the last available section. Place the next seeded entry in the next available section and continue to place entries in separate sections. Move entries from sections to avoid an imbalance of schools; two (or more) entries may only be swapped with each other (one another) if they have the same (tied) cumulative composite rank.

f. Composite Ranks: Within each section, sum the individual judge ranks for each entry (treating 6s and 7s as 5s) and list the entry in order of their respective totals. The entry with the lowest cumulative score would be re-ranked first, second-most as second, and so on.

i. In the event of a two-way tie, the tie will be broken by judges’ preference.

ii. In the event of a three- or four-way tie, the entries are awarded the better middle position for which the speakers are tied. For other entries in the section, eliminate the next position after the tie ranking.

g. Cumulative Composite Ranks: To determine a contestant's cumulative composite rank, add up the composite rank (as determined by 7.f) the contestant has earned in each preliminary round, treating composite ranks of 6s and 7s and 5s.

h. All preliminary rounds will be conducted asynchronously (pre-recorded) for all events except National Extemporaneous, International Extemporaneous, and Impromptu. Students will submit pre-recorded videos at least 2 days before the start of competition.

8. The Semifinal Round

a. Fourteen (14) entries will be selected to participate in the semifinal round on the basis of lowest cumulative score of composite ranks from the entry’s preliminary rounds (as determined by 7.g), not the individual judges’ ballots. The round shall consist of two panels of seven contestants each, each evaluated by 5 judges.

b. Breaking Semifinal Ties: If the cumulative score of composite ranks brings the total number of qualifiers to more than 14, determine the advancing entries in the following order of precedence:

i. If the entries are still tied, the entry with the most number of ones, twos, etc., in composite ranks (higher composite reciprocals) advances.

ii. If the entries are still tied, the entry with the lowest sum of individual judges’ ranks advances. 6s and 7s shall be treated as 5s (see 7.d).

iii. If the entries are still tied, the entry with the most number of ones, twos, etc., in individual judges’ ranks (higher reciprocals) advances.

iv. If the entries are still tied, include those tied in the semifinals.

c. Use the same procedure outlined in sectioning “Round Three” (7.e) to establish the “snaking” pattern.

d. Rankings: In semifinal rounds only, judge rankings of 6 and 7 shall be counted as 6 and 7, respectively.

i. In the event where there are unbreakable ties and tied entries advance to semifinals creating an uneven balance between the two sections, rankings will be truncated to the smallest section, i.e. a break of 15 entries creates one room of 7 and one room of 8, of which any entry ranked with an “8” in the room of 8 will have his/her/their rank truncated to a “7.”

ii. If cumulative rank of semifinals is needed to break ties between unbalanced sections, there will be truncation of ranks to the smallest section.

iii. If Judge Preference is needed to break ties in the unbalanced section, there will be no truncation of ranks.

e. All elimination rounds for all events will be conducted synchronously (live), except for Duo Interpretation, which will use pre-recorded speeches for elims.

9. Final Placement and Determining Qualifiers

a. Entries qualifying for the State Tournament are selected by determining the lowest total of preliminary composite ranks added to five semifinal ranks. If a tie exists among qualifiers or alternates, determine final placement by using the following tiebreakers in order of precedence:

i. The cumulative rank of semifinal round judges only. Speakers tied need not have been in the same panel.

ii. If tied entries met in the semifinal round, determine judges’ preference in the semifinal round.

iii. Greatest number of ones, twos, etc., (highest reciprocals) in the final round only.

iv. Greatest number of ones, twos, etc., (highest reciprocals) of preliminary composite ranks added to semifinal ranks.

v. Preliminary seed (as established by 8.a and 8.b)

10. If the league is allocated 4 or fewer entries to the state tournament in any given event, a final round of the top 7 must be held after the semifinal round. If a final round is needed, it will be conducted synchronously (live).

C. CONGRESSIONAL DEBATE

1.The VP/C shall act as tournament director and will assign other positions in assigning judges and tabulating results. The host school staff is typically assigned to physical plant operations and meal coordination and is not assigned other duties.

2. CHSSA will determine the number of qualifiers to the State Student Congress. Each CFL school will be allowed 7 free entries (One may be a PO). Competitors who have earned wildcards at a CFL League Congress Tournament (a first place rank in any House chamber, or a top-two rank in a Senate chamber) do not count against a school's 7 entries. In no case, may any school bring more than 14 Congress entries to the State Qualifying Tournament. Wildcards must be balanced among the chambers. If there are more PO candidates than houses, a test of Parliamentary Procedure will be administered. The top students will advance and the others will be added to the Houses. Students are to be listed in order of strength. There will be 3, 4, or 5 houses depending upon the number of entries. NFL points will be awarded the same as in the Senate of a preliminary tournament.

3.If, at the Fall CFL meeting it is determined that there is a minimum of eight hours available, then the State Qualifier for Congress shall consist of two sessions, the preliminary session and the super session.

a. Preliminary session:

i. The preliminary session shall consist of up to 5 qualifying houses of up to 18 participants each.

ii. The preliminary session shall consist of two segments of at least one and one-half hours with a one-half hour break.

iii. During the break, scorers will return ballots and be reassigned.

iv. There shall be one Presiding Officer for each preliminary session.

v. Each house shall have at least three scorers to evaluate the representatives.

vi. Three scorers will be assigned to evaluate Presiding Office contestants. These scorers shall rotate among all five houses at pre-designated times, giving every effort to give equal time to each contestant.

b. Super Session

i. The super session shall be selected equally from each house. If 3 houses, 21 advance. If 4 or 5 houses, 20 advance.

ii. The super session shall consist of the top two Presiding Officers as determined by the scorers in the preliminary session. (Low cumulative total, then greatest number of first, seconds, etc.)

iii. The super session shall be at least 2.5 hours long. There will be a 10 minute break in the middle of the session and the POs will rotate at that time.

iv. Five scorers shall be selected to evaluate representative contestants.

v. After the session, scorers will return ballots.

vi. There shall be one Presiding Officer for each half of the super session. POs may agree to who goes first or can flip a coin.

c. Selection of qualifiers

i. Selection of representatives to the State Championship shall be based on the aggregate scores of the scorers in the super session. (Low cumulative total, then greatest number of first, seconds, etc.) If there are ties, the totals from all judges, including the preliminary session, will be used to break the ties (Low cumulative total, then greatest number of first, seconds, etc.)

ii. Selection of the Presiding Officer to the State Championship will be by the majority vote of the representatives and the judges in the super session. Ties shall be broken by judges’ preference.

iii. Alternates will be chosen by the lowest cumulative score in all houses. If a congress qualifier cannot attend, or qualifies in another event at a later tournament, the first person listed as alternate moves up. This has nothing to do with which house the original qualifier was in.

4. If less than eight hours are available for the State Qualifying Congress Tournament, the VP/C will have sole discretion to shorten session times or use whatever method reasonable to determine State Qualifiers and Alternates.

D. EMERGENCIES

In the event that a state qualifying tournament has to be cancelled due to unforeseen circumstances fewer than 15 days prior to the scheduled start of that tournament, the Board shall create an alternative set of procedures for determining the qualifiers and alternates to the CHSSA state tournament.

Adopted at an online meeting by a 22-0-0-19 vote (in favor, opposed, abstain, didn't vote) on 1/8/2021

Temporary Measure #1

Article XIII Section 4, the following language shall be added.

G. Exceptions or additions to sub-sections A-F may be made at the discretion of the tournament director(s) if it is deemed that different rules may be required for virtual tournaments. A virtual tournament will be defined as any tournament that takes place online rather than physically at a host school. Any changes made for virtual tournaments must be announced 21 days prior to the start of a tournament.

Adopted during August league meeting by 25-0 vote on 08/25/20

Temporary Measure #2

Article XIII Section 5, the following language shall be added.

I. Exceptions or additions to sub-sections A-G may be made at the discretion of the tournament director(s) if it is deemed that different rules may be required for virtual tournaments. A virtual tournament will be defined as any tournament that takes place online rather than physically at a host school. Any changes made for virtual tournaments must be announced 21 days prior to the start of a tournament.

Adopted during August league meeting by 25-0 vote on 08/25/20

Temporary Measure #3

Article XIII Section 11, the following language shall be added.

D. Exceptions or revisions to sub-sections A-C may be made at the discretion of tournament director(s) if it is deemed that observers should not be allowed during virtual tournaments.

Adopted during August league meeting by 25-0 vote on 08/25/20

Temporary Measure #4

Article XV Section 1 shall be ameneded to the following language.

A. CFL tournaments shall use CHSSA event rules except when specified otherwise in this article. (See CHSSA rules and regulations Article IX, Article XI, and Article XIII: http://www.chssa.org/rulesandregulations/ )

B. Exceptions or modifications to CHSSA event rules may be made at the discretion of the Board if it is deemed necessary to modify any rules for virtual tournaments. Any rule modifications must be announced to league members at least 21 days prior to the tournament.

Adopted during August league meeting by 25-0 vote on 08/25/20

Temporary Measure #5

Article XV Section 2 shall be amended to the following language.

A.All CFL debate tournaments shall adhere to the NSDA’s “Piloted Debate Evidence Rules” (see Appendix B). Instances of “tabulation committee” in the rules is taken to mean the tabroom director and at least two other coaches not involved in the challenge.

B. Exceptions or modifications to these rules may be made at the discretion of the Board if it is deemed necessary to modify any rules for virtual tournaments. Any rule modifications must be announced to league members at least 21 days prior to the tournament.

Adopted during August league meeting by 25-0 vote on 08/25/20

Temporary Measure #6

Article XV Section 6, the following language shall be added.

C. Exceptions or revisions to sub-sections A-B may be made at the discretion of the tournament director(s) if it is deemed that different rules may be required for virtual tournaments.

Adopted during August league meeting by 25-0 vote on 08/25/20

Temporary Measure #7

Article XV Section 10, the following language shall be added.

E. Tournament Directors may allow mavericks to compete at virtual tournaments if one of the debate partners experiences technical issues during the tournament.

Adopted during August league meeting by 25-0 vote on 08/25/20

2018-2019

Temporary Measure #1 (1/27 PF Topic)

The 2019 Public Forum State Qualifier shall use the current month topic for the tournament. The last PF tournament before the PF State Qualifier will also use the current month topic.

Adopted at an online meeting by a 18-0-0-16 vote (in favor, opposed, abstain, didn't vote) on 9/8/2018

Temporary Measure #2 (Debate State Quals wildcards)

Proposal 3 shall be added to the bylaws on July 1, 2019.

(See Proposal 3 here:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1pEDEpDRtHTVVKgiRuQiQWHjE0uYytxLgEs4EygAyzS0/ )

Adopted at a regular league meeting by a 10-6 vote on 1/24/2019

Temporary Measure #3 (Debate State Quals tiebreakers)

For the 2019 state qualifier tournament, competitors will be ranked by the following criteria:

1) total ballots won 2) high/low adjusted speaker points 3) second high/low speaker points, 4) opponent ballot counts.

Adopted at an online meeting by a 22-0-0-16 vote (in favor, opposed, abstain, didn't vote) on 2/3/2019

2017-2018

Temporary Measure #1 (12/2 PF Topic)

The December 2, 2017 Novice Debate tournament at Washington HS will use the November topic in Public Forum Debate.

Adopted at an online meeting by a 16-0-0-13 vote (in favor, opposed, abstain, didn't vote) on 10/27/2017

Temporary Measure #2 (1/20 LD Topic)

The January 20, 2018 Super Debate tournament at Milpitas HS will use the January-February topic in Lincoln-Douglas Debate.

Adopted at an online meeting by a 16-0-0-13 vote (in favor, opposed, abstain, didn't vote) on 10/27/2017

2016-2017

Temporary Measure #1 (State Quals Debate Ballot Count)

Article V Section 4.A.9.b of the bylaws shall be amended to read the following:

For the remaining number of available slots, all competitors with a 4-1 record will compete in elimination rounds. Competitors will be ranked according to the following criteria in the following order: 1) number of wins, 2) total ballots won 3) high/low adjusted speaker points 4) second high/low speaker points, 5) opponent wins.

Adopted at an online meeting by a 14-10-1 vote (in favor, opposed or didn't vote, abstain) on 2.23.2017

Temporary Measure #2 (State Quals Debate Seeding and Byes)

Article V Section 4.A.9.b of the bylaws, the following language should be added to determine how the pre-go round would be paired:

For any debate where an odd number of 4-1s remain to debate, the top seeded 4-1s will receive a bye for the first elimination round, the bottom of the bracket will debate to determine who will join the top of the bracket to create the correct number of debates to result in the number of qualifiers to state. The winners debate in the go-round in the seeding order as specified above.

Adopted at an online meeting by a 15-10-0 vote (in favor, opposed or didn't vote, abstain) on 2.23.2017

Temporary Measure #3 (State Quals Intent Form Debate)

Article V Section 4.A.5 of the bylaws adds the following language:

Competitors and the coach of record must sign the State Quals Intent Form as a prerequisite for competition at the State Qualifier tournament.

Adopted at an online meeting by a 12-11-2 vote (in favor, opposed or didn't vote, abstain) on 2.23.2017

[ 2017 State Quals Intent Form: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B92NNQxbtMZGX1d2MHllRVpYMHc ]

Temporary Measure #4 (State Quals Intent Form Speech)

Article V Section 4.B.3 of the bylaws adds the following language:

Competitors and the coach of record must sign the State Quals Intent Form as a prerequisite for competition at the State Qualifier tournament.

Adopted at an online meeting by a 12-11-2 vote (in favor, opposed or didn't vote, abstain) on 2.23.2017

[ 2017 State Quals Intent Form: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B92NNQxbtMZGX1d2MHllRVpYMHc ]

2015-2016

Temporary Measure #1

Article V Section 4.A.9.b of the bylaws shall be amended to read the following:

For the remaining number of available slots, all competitors with a 4-1 record will compete in elimination rounds. Competitors will be ranked according to the following criteria in the following order: 1) number of wins, 2) total ballots won 3) high/low adjusted speaker points 4) second high/low speaker points, 5) opponent wins.

Adopted at a tournament emergency meeting by a 15-1 vote on 3.4.2016

Temporary Measure #2

Article V Section 4.A.9.b of the bylaws, the following language was added to determine how the pre-go round would be paired:

For any debate where an odd number of 4-1s remain to debate, the top seeded 4-1s will receive a bye for the first elimination round, the bottom of the bracket will debate to determine who will join the top of the bracket to create the correct number of debates to result in the number of qualifiers to state. The winners debate in the go-round in the seeding order as specified above.

Adopted at a tournament emergency meeting by a 14-1 (abstain) vote on 3.5.2016